Braces are impressive little gadgets and over time, they move your teeth. But, how do they do it? Great question! The teeth move when light pressure is applied by the braces over a period of time. For this to occur, there are several different tools that are needed.
Each of your teeth has a different size and shape to them, as do the brackets. Each bracket is custom-made for the particular tooth on which it’s supposed to fit. The bracket holds the wire in place. It is the wire that actually moves your teeth into position. Many of the new high-tech wires are made from a material that has “memory”. When the wire is distorted from its natural U shape, the memory in the wire restores itself allowing the wire to return to its natural state, moving your teeth with it. Initially, when your braces are placed, the first few wires will typically be this very flexible memory wire. Although the wire is small, it is strong enough to apply a constant and gentle force to move your teeth. With these memory wires, most of your appointments can be scheduled six to ten weeks apart. As your teeth straighten, your wires will get progressively thicker and firmer to help continue to move your teeth for an ideal bite. In most cases, additional tools like rubber bands, appliances, and springs are needed to achieve the perfect result.
With the modern technology available today, Invisalign® takes a different approach to straightening teeth. It uses a series of clear aligners created just for you, as designed by our doctors. These aligner trays are made of smooth, comfortable, and virtually invisible plastic that you wear over your teeth. Your teeth will gradually shift into place while wearing the aligners. You just pop in a new set of aligners approximately every two weeks, until your treatment is complete. Dr. Hatcher and Dr. Jones will be able to discuss which type of treatment is relevant for you during your initial complimentary consultation.